Purpose: This study aimed to clarify the association of the promoter variants in the CD14 gene with pancreatic diseases in Japan. Methods: Three hundred forty-six unrelated patients with acute pancreatitis (AP) (107 with severe and 239 with mild), 263 patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP), 264 patients with pancreatic neoplasm, and 319 healthy controls were genotyped for the single nucleotide polymorphisms at positions -260 and -651 from the AUG start codon in the CD14 gene by polymerase chain reaction-restriction enzyme digestion. Results: The allele and genotype frequencies of the -260C/T and -651C/T polymorphisms did not differ between controls and patients with AP. In subgroup analyses, patients with severe AP had more -651C allele than controls [P = 0.005; odds ratio (OR) 1.71; 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.18-2.49] or patients with mild AP (P = 0.001; OR 1.95; 95% CI = 1.33-2.85). Genotype -651CC was more common (P = 0.001 vs. controls and P = 0.001 vs. mild AP), and -651CT was less (P = 0.009 vs. controls and P = 0.007 vs. mild AP) in patients with severe AP than in healthy controls or patients with mild AP. The frequencies of pseudocyst development and requirement of surgery were higher in AP patients with -651CC than in those without this genotype. The -260C/T polymorphism was not associated with the severity of AP. The allele and genotype frequencies of both polymorphisms did not differ between controls and patients with CP or pancreatic neoplasm. Conclusion: -651C/T promoter polymorphism in the CD14 gene was associated with severity of AP in Japan.
- Innate immunity
- Pancreatic cancer