Background Acute cerebellitis with unilateral onset is rare, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a useful method for demonstrating cerebellar involvement. Patient We report a 12-year-old girl with acute cerebellitis with a unique sequential change on her MRI. Results The patient's brain MRI first revealed cortical lesions mainly in the right cerebellar hemisphere. These subsequently disappeared, and at the same time, new lesions appeared in the opposite cerebellar hemisphere. All the lesions were confined to gray matter in the cerebellum and were isotense on diffusion-weighted imaging and had high signal intensity on the apparent diffusion coefficient map, consistent with the characteristic of vasogenic edema. Conclusion The sequential MRI demonstrates conversion of hemicerebellitis to bilateral cerebellitis during subacute phase, and vasogenic edema might be contributing to the pathogenesis of acute cerebellitis in this patient.
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - 2014 Aug|
- apparent diffusion coefficient map
- diffusion weighted imaging
- magnetic resonance imaging
- unilateral onset