A comprehensive simulation approach for pollutant bio-transformation in the gravity sewer

Nan Zhao, Huu Hao Ngo, Yuyou Li, Xiaochang Wang, Lei Yang, Pengkang Jin, Guangxi Sun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Presently, several activated sludge models (ASMs) have been developed to describe a few biochemical processes. However, the commonly used ASM neither clearly describe the migratory transformation characteristics of fermentation nor depict the relationship between the carbon source and biochemical reactions. In addition, these models also do not describe both ammonification and the integrated metabolic processes in sewage transportation. In view of these limitations, we developed a new and comprehensive model that introduces anaerobic fermentation into the ASM and simulates the process of sulfate reduction, ammonification, hydrolysis, acidogenesis and methanogenesis in a gravity sewer. The model correctly predicts the transformation of organics including proteins, lipids, polysaccharides, etc. The simulation results show that the degradation of organics easily generates acetic acid in the sewer system and the high yield of acetic acid is closely linked to methanogenic metabolism. Moreover, propionic acid is the crucial substrate for sulfate reduction and ammonification tends to be affected by the concentration of amino acids. Our model provides a promising tool for simulating and predicting outcomes in response to variations in wastewater quality in sewers. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Article number62
JournalFrontiers of Environmental Science and Engineering
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Aug 1


  • Biochemical reaction process
  • Gravity sewer
  • Modeling
  • Pollutant transformation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)


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