A Defucosylated Mouse Anti-CD10 Monoclonal Antibody (31-mG2a-f) Exerts Antitumor Activity in a Mouse Xenograft Model of Renal Cell Cancers

Hiroki Kawabata, Tomokazu Ohishi, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Teizo Asano, Manabu Kawada, Hiroyoshi Suzuki, Mika K. Kaneko, Yukinari Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

CD10 is a cell surface metalloendopeptidase that cleaves and degrades many secreted physiologically active peptides by its enzymatic activity. Although CD10 expression has been found in various types of cells, its expression is increased in several cancers, including renal cancer. In this study, the antitumor activity of a novel anti-human CD10 monoclonal antibody (mAb) was investigated. A defucosylated mouse IgG2a version of C10Mab-31 (31-mG2a-f) was created from an anti-CD10 mAb, C10Mab-31 (IgG1, kappa). Both C10Mab-31 and 31-mG2a-f specifically reacted with endogenous CD10 in renal cancer cells, VMRC-RCW, with the dissociation constant (KD) values of 6.3 × 10-9 M and 1.1 × 10-9 M, respectively, indicating high binding affinity. To further examine the anti-CD10 mAb-mediated effector functions, the antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) and complement-dependent cytotoxicity (CDC) were examined. The 31-mG2a-f significantly exhibited ADCC and CDC against VMRC-RCW cells in vitro. Furthermore, 31-mG2a-f exhibited antitumor activities in mouse xenografts of VMRC-RCW cells. These results suggest that 31-mG2a-f exerts antitumor activities against CD10-expressing renal cancers and could be a valuable therapeutic candidate for treating them.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-327
Number of pages8
JournalMonoclonal antibodies in immunodiagnosis and immunotherapy
Volume41
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Dec 1

Keywords

  • ADCC
  • antitumor activity
  • CD10
  • CDC
  • monoclonal antibody

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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