We study a generalization of Holte's amazing matrix, the transition probability matrix of the Markov chains of the 'carries' in a non-standard numeration system. The stationary distributions are explicitly described by the numbers which can be regarded as a generalization of the Eulerian numbers and the MacMahon numbers. We also show that similar properties hold even for the numeration systems with the negative bases.
- Eulerian number
- Markov chain