Background: Bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality after lung transplantation. BO is pathologically characterized by neovascularized fibro-obliteration of the allograft airway. A recent study has shown that aberrant angiogenesis during fibro-obliteration contributes to the pathogenesis of BO. Vasohibin-1 (VASH1) has been isolated as a vascular endothelial growth factor-inducible gene in endothelial cells (ECs) that inhibits migration and proliferation of ECs and exhibits anti-angiogenic activity in vivo. Purpose: This study examines whether VASH1 inhibits fibro-obliteration of the allograft in a murine intrapulmonary tracheal transplantation model. Method: Tracheal allografts of BALB/c mouse were transplanted into the left lung of recipient C57BL/6J mouse. We performed gene transfer to the recipient lungs using an adenovirus vector encoding human VASH1 (Ad-VASH1) or beta- garactosidase (Ad-LacZ) as the control. Tracheal allografts were harvested and pathological on days 21 and 28. Result: Ad-VASH1 treatment reduced the vascular area on day 21 (4.6% versus 13.0%, P =.037) and day 28 (5.4% versus 13.4%, P =.022) compared with the control group. This was accompanied by significantly inhibited luminal obliteration of the tracheal allografts in the animals transferred with Ad-VASH1 compared with the control (69% versus 93%, P =.028) on day 21. We were not able to observe this effect on day 28 (92% versus 97%, P =.48). Conclusion: Transgene expression of VASH1 in the recipient lung significantly attenuated luminal obliteration of the tracheal allograft; this was associated with significantly reduced aberrant angiogenesis in the fibro-obliterative tissue in a murine model intrapulmonary tracheal transplantation.
|Number of pages||3|
|Publication status||Published - 2012 May|