A report on clinical PET activities in Germany

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Clinical diagnostic procedure using positron emission tomography (PET) requires high costs. To promote clinical use of PET, sociomedical evaluation is necessary. In this paper, sociomedical situations concerning clinical use of PET in Germany is reported. Some comparisons are made between Japan and this country putting emphases on several points such as 1) number of cyclotron and PET facilities, 2) social restriction to transportation of radioisotopes, 3) activities of satellite PET facilities, and 4) clinical indications for PET studies. Number of cyclotron was larger in Japan (29) than in Germany (17), but number of PET facilities was larger in Germany (47) than in Japan (29). The reason seems that in Germany transportation and buying of radioisotopes is less restricted. Hence, more than half of PET facilities in Germany are 'satellite facilities' which do not have their own cyclotrons. Radioisotope distribution seems to serve as a backbone of 'satellite concept.' Additionally in Germany, list of clinical indications for PET study is almost completed and now is widely in applied to most cases. To promote clinical use of PET in Japan, the German system might serve as an important socioeconomic model in Europe instead of the United States.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)761-772
Number of pages12
JournalKaku igaku. The Japanese journal of nuclear medicine
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1999


  • Clinical PET
  • Germany
  • Health insurance
  • Satellite concept
  • Transportation of radioisotope


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