A significant association of viral loads with corneal endothelial cell damage in cytomegalovirus anterior uveitis

Masaru Miyanaga, Sunao Sugita, Norio Shimizu, Tomohiro Morio, Kazunori Miyata, Kazuichi Maruyama, Shigeru Kinoshita, Manabu Mochizuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: The aim of the study was to investigate the correlation between the clinical manifestation and the cytomegalovirus (CMV) viral load in the aqueous humour of patients with CMV anterior uveitis. Methods: Seven patients with CMV-associated iridocyclitis and four patients with CMV-associated corneal endotheliitis were enrolled. Presence of CMV, but not other human herpes viruses, was confirmed by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Viral load was measured using real-time PCR. Clinical manifestations were examined using a slit-lamp microscope and ophthalmoscope, applanation tonometer and specular microscope. Results: All 11 patients had unilateral recurrent anterior uveitis with high intraocular pressure and mutton fat keratic precipitates with pigmentation. Stromal oedema of the cornea was found in CMV-associated endotheliitis, but not in CMV-associated iridocyclitis patients. A significant corneal endothelium cell loss was recorded in all 11 patients with CMV-associated endotheliitis and iridocyclitis patients. High viral loads of CMV were detected in the aqueous humour of all 11 patients. A significant association was found between the corneal endothelial cell loss intensity and CMV viral load in the aqueous humour. Conclusion: There is a significant correlation between the CMV viral load and corneal endothelial cell loss in both CMV-associated iridocyclitis and corneal endotheliitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-340
Number of pages5
JournalBritish Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Mar

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience


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