A stand-alone mesoporous crystal structure model from in situ X-ray diffraction: Nitrogen adsorption on 3 D cagelike mesoporous silica SBA-16

Keiichi Miyasaka, Hiroko Hano, Yoshiki Kubota, Yangzheng Lin, Ryong Ryoo, Masaki Takata, Susumu Kitagawa, Alexander V. Neimark, Osamu Terasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)


We present a modeling scheme to analyze cagelike silica mesoporous crystals based on in situ X-ray diffraction (XRD) data collected during gas adsorption-desorption (physisorption) processes. Nitrogen physisorption on a silica mesoporous crystal of SBA-16 was directly monitored by using synchrotron in situ powder XRD measurements conducted at SPring-8. SBA-16 is a well-ordered mesoporous silica in which three-dimensional interconnected cagelike primary mesopores are located at the body-centered cubic lattice points. In addition, the surrounding silica matrix contains random microporous and mesoporous intrawall porosities that are significantly influential to the diffusion properties, and thus important to be quantified for this media. The in situ XRD data exhibits seven Bragg reflections throughout the measurements, and the present method allows one to obtain the maximal and stand-alone information about the pore structure (for example, the mesopore size, the matrix density, the intrawall porosity, and pore surface roughness) together with the nitrogen film evolution in the primary mesopores and the intrawall pore-filling in the silica matrix. We furthermore observe a macroscopic amount of nitrogen adsorbed assuming the density of the fluid, and confirm that the XRD "isotherm" recalculated from the analysis result is consistent with the conventional nitrogen isotherm on a semi-quantitative level; however, these results suggest that the intrawall pores would have a greater contribution to the adsorption than considered based on the conventional isotherm analyses. The present method is readily extendable to any ordered mesopores wrapped by the wall matrix containing a certain intrawall porosity. Trapped in a cage: From gas adsorption in situ X-ray diffraction analysis, a self-consistent modeling scheme was established dedicated to the pore wall structure of ordered large cagelike mesopores surrounded by a silica matrix that contains the intrawall random porosity. From limited diffraction information from SBA-16, nitrogen fluid evolution in mesopores and the intrawall pore filling in the matrix are systematically traced, and eventually essential pore structure parameters are successfully quantified.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10300-10311
Number of pages12
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Issue number33
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Aug 13


  • intrawall porosity
  • mesoporous materials
  • physisorption
  • SBA-16
  • X-ray diffraction


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