A time projection chamber (TPC) is a strong candidate for the central tracker of the international linear collider (ILC) experiment and we have been conducting a series of cosmic ray experiments under a magnetic field up to 4 T, using a small prototype TPC with a replaceable readout device: multi-wire proportional chamber (MWPC) or gas electron multiplier (GEM). We first confirmed that the MWPC readout could not be a fall-back option of the ILC-TPC under a strong axial magnetic field of 4 T since its spatial resolution suffered severely from the so called E×B effect in the vicinity of the wire planes. The GEM readout, on the other hand, was found to be virtually free from the E×B effect and gave the resolution determined by the transverse diffusion of the drift electrons (diffusion limited). Furthermore, GEMs allow a wider choice of gas mixtures than MWPCs. Among the gases we tried so far a mixture of ArCF4-isobutane seems promising as the operating gas of the ILC-TPC because of its small diffusion constant especially under a strong magnetic field. We report the spatial resolution obtained with the GEM readout in this gas mixture. Also presented is the spatial resolution of a GEM-based ILC-TPC estimated from the measurement with the prototype.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 Nov 1|
- Spatial resolution