A test circuit for statistical evaluation of p-n junction leakage current and its noise

Kenichi Abe, Takafumi Fujisawa, Hiroyoshi Suzuki, Shunichi Watabe, Rihito Kuroda, Shigetoshi Sugawa, Akinobu Teramoto, Tadahiro Ohmi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


We develop a test circuit to evaluate statistical distributions of p-n junction leakage currents for numerous samples in a very short time (0.1-10 fA, 28672 n +-p diodes in 0.77s). This test circuit is based on a complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor active pixel image sensor, which contains a current-to-voltage conversion function by a capacitor and amplifiers of voltage signals in each pixel. The test structure can be easily designed because of a small number of mask layer requirements (at least one poly-Si, one metal interconnect layer). Its simplicity has considerable benefits, such as an easy fabrication for the evaluation of various processes technologies without exceptional cares. We demonstrate that two normal distributions exist in the steady-state (time averaging) I leak distributions, which have differing temperature dependencies. A distribution of the activation energy extracted from temperature dependence of I leak is also revealed experimentally. Dynamic fluctuation of I leak is confirmed to be measured, due to the execute pseudoparallel sampling among whole samples over a long recording time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6212370
Pages (from-to)303-309
Number of pages7
JournalIEEE Transactions on Semiconductor Manufacturing
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • Leakage current
  • metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (MOSFETs)
  • p-n junction
  • statistical evaluation
  • test circuit
  • variable junction leakage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'A test circuit for statistical evaluation of p-n junction leakage current and its noise'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this