Phenotypic characteristics of blasts were studied in a Down's infant with transient abnormal myelopoiesis (TAM). Two major subpopulations were identified: (1) CD33+CD42b+ cells with platelet peroxidase activity, the commitment of which to megakaryocytic lineage was supported by an increased expression of GATA-1 mRNA; (2) CD33+CD34+CD7+CD4+ cells with immature ultrastructure, which could be either immature megakaryocytic or myeloid cells with aberrant differentiation. Mixed colonies containing megakaryocytes and monocyte/macrophages in the peripheral blood suggested the presence of progenitors common to these subpopulations. These results may indicate that subpopulations of blasts with phenotypic diversity could be derived from aberrant common progenitors to megakaryocytic and myeloid lineages in this patient.
- Transient abnormal myelopoiesis
- mixed colonies
- multilineage phenotypes