Metatropic dysplasia (MD) is a congenital skeletal dysplasia characterized by severe platyspondyly and dumbbell-like long-bone deformities. These skeletal phenotypes are predominantly caused by autosomal dominant gain-of-function (GOF) mutations in transient receptor potential vanilloid 4 (TRPV4), which encodes a nonselective Ca2+-permeable cation channel. Previous studies have shown that constitutive TRPV4 channel activation leads to irregular chondrogenic proliferation and differentiation, and thus to the disorganized endochondral ossification seen in MD. Therefore, the present study investigated the role of TRPV4 in osteoblast differentiation and MD pathogenesis. Specifically, the behavior of osteoblasts differentiated from patient-derived dental pulp stem cells carrying a heterozygous single base TRPV4 mutation, c.1855C > T (p.L619F) was compared to that of osteoblasts differentiated from isogenic control cells (in which the mutation was corrected using the CRISPR/Cas9 system). The mutant osteoblasts exhibited enhanced calcification (indicated by intense Alizarin Red S staining), increased intracellular Ca2+ levels, strongly upregulated runt-related transcription factor 2 and osteocalcin expression, and increased expression and nuclear translocation of nuclear factor-activated T cell c1 (NFATc1) compared to control cells. These results suggest that the analyzed TRPV4 GOF mutation disrupts osteoblastic differentiation and induces MD-associated disorganized endochondral ossification by increasing Ca2+/NFATc1 pathway activity. Thus, inhibiting the NFATc1 pathway may be a promising potential therapeutic strategy to attenuate skeletal deformities in MD.
|Number of pages
|Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
|Published - 2020 Mar 19
- Dental pulp stem cells
- Metatropic dysplasia
- Osteoblast differentiation
- Transient receptor potential vanilloid 4