Activation of Hageman factor and prekallikrein and generation of kinin by various microbial proteinases

A. Molla, T. Yamamoto, T. Akaike, S. Miyoshi, H. Maeda

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170 Citations (Scopus)


Activation of the Hageman factor-kallikrein-kinin system by serratial 56-kDa proteinase was previously demonstrated (Matsumoto, K., Yamamoto, T., Kamata, T., and Maeda, H. (1984) J. Biochem. (Tokyo) 96, 739-749; Kamata, R., Yamamoto, T., Matsumoto, K., and Maeda, H. (1985) Infect. Immun. 48, 747-753). To investigate whether the activation of the system is specific for 56-kDa proteinase or is found similarly with other microbial proteinases, 11 proteinases of microbial origins were studied; the 56-kDa proteinase was the control. For in vitro studies, activation of guinea pig Hageman factor and prekallikrein was examined in purified systems as well as in plasma as a zymogen source. Specific antibodies and inhibitors confirmed the activation steps of the cascade. In the in vivo study the enhancement of vascular permeability in guinea pig skin and its sensitivity to inhibitors of activated Hageman factor, plasma kallikrein, or a kininase were examined. The results from the in vivo experiments were consistent with those in vitro. Taking all the data together, we classifed the 11 microbial proteinases into three groups as follows: 1) Serratia marcescens 56-, 60-, and 73-kDa proteinases, Pseudomonas aeruginosa alkaline proteinase and elastase, and Aspergillus melleus proteinase (this group activated Hageman factor but not prekallikrein); 2) Vibrio vulnificus proteinase, subtilisin from Bacillus subtilis, and thermolysin from Bacillus stearothermophilus (this group activated both Hageman factor and prekallikrein); 3) Streptomyces caespitosus proteinase and V8 proteinase from Staphylcoccus aureus (this group activated neither Hageman factor nor prekallikrein, but generated kinin from high molecular weight kininogen directly).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10589-10594
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number18
Publication statusPublished - 1989


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