In this article, an active millimeter-wave imaging system using two rectangular waveguide leaky-wave focusing antennas deployed in a quasi-monostatic transmitter and receiver pair is proposed. The broadband design method of the focusing antenna is presented, where the phase constant is derived from the radiation direction of a rectangular waveguide leaky-wave antenna. To eliminate the effect of mutual coupling between the transmitting and receiving antennas and scattering from the surrounding environment, the scattered field from the object is obtained by subtracting the incident field from the total field. The 1-D detection of conducting sphere, conducting and dielectric cylinders, and a conducting plate is performed by experiment to validate the imaging capability of the proposed system. The 2-D imaging of a conducting cylinder in free space and positioned in front of a human body phantom representing the human body is finally performed to simulate the practical application of the system.
- Antenna synthesis
- leaky-wave antennas (LWAs)
- millimeter-wave (MMW) imaging
- MMW radar