Activity and selectivity in catalytic reactions of buta-1,3-diene and but-1-ene on supported vanadium oxides

Kenji Mori, Akira Miyamoto, Yuichi Murakami

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2 Citations (Scopus)


The activity and selectivity in the oxidation of buta-1,3-diene, and oxidation and isomerization of but-1-ene on unsupported and supported V2O5 catalysts have been investigated in terms of the catalyst structure. The rate of oxidation is mainly determined by the number of surface V=O species on the catalyst for both buta-1,3-diene and but-1-ene. The roughness of the V2O5 surface affected the activity for buta-1,3-diene, but not for but-1-ene oxidation. It was also found that TiO2 support increases the activity of the surface V=O for but-1-ene oxidation. The selectivity to maleic anhydride was determined by the number of V2O5 layers on the support for both reactions. When the number of V2O5 layers was 1 or 2, the selectivity was low, while it increased markedly with an increase in the number of V2O5 layers to 5, and attained a constant value above 5 layers. Both V2O5 and support were active for the isomerization of but-1-ene to cis- and trans-but-2-ene. On V2O5, the cis/trans ratio was low, while it was as high as 3 for the Al2O3 support. The rate and selectivity of the isomerization on supported catalysts were explained in terms of the structure of V2O5 on the support. Difference in the structure-activity/selectivity correlation between oxidation and isomerization and that between but-1-ene oxidation and buta-1,3-diene oxidation were also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-34
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society, Faraday Transactions 1: Physical Chemistry in Condensed Phases
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1986 Jan 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)


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