Advances in the first cryogen-free hybrid magnet

K. Watanabe, G. Nishijima, S. Awaji, K. Takahashi, K. Koyama, M. Motokawa, M. Ishizuka, T. Hasebe, J. Sakuraba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


In order to solve a problem of a large amount of liquid helium supply for a wide bore superconducting magnet of a hybrid magnet, we intend to construct the first cryogen-free 23 T hybrid magnet, consisting of an outer wide bore cryogen-free superconducting magnet and an inner water-cooled resistive magnet. Up to now, the wide bore cryogen-free superconducting magnet has been tested to generate a central field of 6.0 T in a 360 mm room temperature bore. The world's first cryogen-free hybrid magnet achieved 21.5 T in a 52 mm room temperature bore, combining with a 15.5 T water-cooled Bitter magnet. As a result, the cryogen-free hybrid magnet no longer needs a troublesome handling time for liquid helium transfer, and therefore the available machine time is highly increased. The improvement of the maximum magnetic field generation toward our designed value of 23 T is being carried out. Furthermore, we have started a new construction project of a cryogen-free 30 T hybrid magnet. Since the magnetic force field BdB/dz of 2274 T2/m is obtained by 21.5 T, the cryogen-free hybrid magnet can provide a large magnetic force field enough to levitate diamagnetic materials. For new processing of materials development, a YAG laser furnace was installed into the cryogen-free 23 T hybrid magnet. A container-less melting for paraffin was examined by controlling a thermocapillary convection. We succeeded in fabricating a magnetic field oriented ball in magnetic levitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)388-392
Number of pages5
JournalIEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Jun


  • Cryogen-free superconducting magnet
  • High magnetic field
  • Hybrid magnet
  • Magnetic levitation


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