Accumulation of mutation has long been hypothesized to be a cause of aging and contribute to many of the degenerative diseases, which appear in the senescent phase of life. To test this hypothesis, age-associated changes in spontaneous mutation in different tissues of the body as well as the molecular nature of such changes should be examined. This kind of approach has become feasible only lately with a development of new transgenic mice suitable for mutation assay. Here, using one of these transgenic mice harboring lacZ gene, we have shown that the age-associated increase in spontaneous mutant frequency is common to all tissues examined; spleen, liver, heart, brain, skin and testis, while the rates of increase in mutant frequency differed among the tissues. DNA sequencing of the 496 lacZ mutants recovered from the tissues of newborn and old mice has revealed that spectra of mutations are similar at the two age points with G:C to A:T transition at CpG site being a predominant type of mutation. Furthermore, some mutations in old tissues are complex type and not found in tissues of newborn mice. These results suggest that similar mechanisms may be operating for mutation induction in fetal and postnatal aging process. In addition, the appearance of complex types of mutations in the old tissues suggests a unique cause for these mutations in aging tissues. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
|Number of pages||13|
|Journal||Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis|
|Publication status||Published - 2000 Feb 14|
- DNA sequence
- Transgenic mouse