Anchorage-independent growth of normal rat kidney (NRK) fibroblast in soft agar depends on both transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) and epidermal growth factor (EGF). To examine whether c-fos protein is involved in phenotypic transformation of NRK cells, we have transfected and isolated several NRK cell lines that carry the human c-fos gene fused to the metallothionein IIA promoter. A transfectant, Nf-1, had constitutive levels of the human c-fos expression. Anchorage-independent growth of Nf-1 was already stimulated by EGF alone, and the colony sizes of Nf-1 were comparable to those of the parental NRK in the presence of both EGF and TGFβ. Anchorage-independent growth of NRK could be observed in the presence of TGFβ or retinoic acid or platelet derived growth factor (PDGF) and EGF. No growth of NRK in soft agar appeared when basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and EGF were present. By contrast, anchorage-independent growth of Nf-1 was surprisingly enhanced by EGF and TGFβ or retinoic acid or PDGF or bFGF. Expression of the human c-fos gene may compensate the signal to phenotypic transformation induced by TGFβ as well as retinoic acid or PDGF or bFGF.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 1991 Dec 31|