An Analysis of Chest Wall and Diaphragm Motions in Patients with Idiopathic Scoliosis Using Dynamic Breathing MRI

Toshiaki Kotani, Shohei Minami, Kazuhisa Takahashi, Keijiro Isobe, Yoshinori Nakata, Masashi Takaso, Masatoshi Inoue, Tetsuro Maruta, Tsutomu Akazawa, Takuya Ueda, Hideshige Moriya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

83 Citations (Scopus)


Study Design. The motions of chest wall and diaphragm were measured in patients with scoliosis and healthy individuals using dynamic breathing magnetic resonance imaging. Objectives. To investigate the motions of the chest wall and the diaphragm during deep breathing in patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Summary of Background Data. Despite the central role of the respiratory motions in maintaining ventilation, it is difficult to measure and describe the motions because of the limited methods available. The kinematics of respiration in scoliosis have not yet been clarified. Methods. Dynamic fast spoiled gradient-recalled echo sequences were used for 18 patients with idiopathic scoliosis and 9 healthy individuals. The chest wall and diaphragm motions were evaluated using a cineloop view and a fusion display of maximal inspiratory and expiratory images. The data were analyzed quantitatively by measuring displacements. Results. Respiratory chest wall movements were significantly restricted in patients with scoliosis, although the diaphragm motion was normal. An analysis of the fusion magnetic resonance displays superimposed with the maximal inspiratory and expiratory images facilitated the understanding of the abnormal respiratory motion in patients with scoliosis. There was some correlation between the values of respiratory motions and pulmonary function tests. Conclusions. The present technique is useful for assessing respiratory mechanisms dynamically and noninvasively. One of the distinguishing features of respiratory dysfunction in patients with scoliosis is their limited chest wall motion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)298-302
Number of pages5
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Feb 1


  • Breathing dynamic
  • Chest wall motion
  • Diaphragm motion
  • Idiopathic scoliosis
  • Pulmonary mechanics


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