An application of bingham model to viscous fluid modeling of solid flow in moving bed

Hiroshi Nogami, Jun Ichiro Yagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Solid flow plays important roles in a moving bed reactor, for example, it determines the path and the residence time of the solid reactants as well as the stress distribution. The continuum models are useful for the kinetic based process analysis since their simplicity and computation load, although the discrete element approach is capable of estimating not only the particle motion but also the stress distribution in the bed. One of the continuum approaches is viscous fluid model. It is able to estimate solid flow pattern although it needs to appropriately determine the shape of stagnant region and viscosity before the simulation. In this study the Bingham model, which is the simplest shear rate-shear stress model of plastic fluid, is applied to the viscous fluid model of bulk solid flow within packed bed. This model successfully reproduce solid flow pattern in packed bed without setting stagnant zone, and the rheological properties can be obtained from simple preliminary experiments. Therefore, the viscous fluid model with the Bingham model is considered as a useful solid flow model for process analysis of moving bed reactors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1826-1834
Number of pages9
JournalIsij International
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2004


  • Bingham model
  • Blast furnace
  • Simulation
  • Solid flow
  • Viscous flow modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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