An early warning system against malicious activities for smart grid communications

Zubair Md Fadlullah, Mostafa M. Fouda, Nei Kato, Xuemin Shen, Yousuke Nozaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

92 Citations (Scopus)


Smart grid presents the largest growth potential in the machine-to-machine market today. Spurred by the recent advances in M2M technologies, the smart meters/sensors used in smart grid are expected not to require human intervention in characterizing power requirements and energy distribution. These numerous sensors are able to report back information such as power consumption and other monitoring signals. However, SG, as it comprises an energy control and distribution system, requires fast response to malicious events such as distributed denial of service attacks against smart meters. In this article, we model the malicious and/or abnormal events, which may compromise the security and privacy of smart grid users, as a Gaussian process. Based on this model, a novel early warning system is proposed for anticipating malicious events in the SG network. With the warning system, the SG control center can forecast such malicious events, thereby enabling SG to react beforehand and mitigate the possible impact of malicious activity. We verify the effectiveness of the proposed early warning system through computer-based simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6033036
Pages (from-to)50-55
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Network
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Sept


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