An inverted J-shaped association of serum uric acid with muscle strength among Japanese adult men: A cross-sectional study

Cong Huang, Kaijun Niu, Yoritoshi Kobayashi, Lei Guan, Haruki Momma, Yufei Cui, Masahiro Chujo, Atsushi Otomo, Hui Guo, Hiroko Tadaura, Ryoichi Nagatomi

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37 Citations (Scopus)


Background: Uric acid (UA) may protect muscle function from oxidative damage due to reactive oxygen species through its powerful antioxidant capacity. However, several studies have demonstrated that hyperuricemia is closely related to systemic inflammation and has oxidant properties effects, both of which may increase the risk of muscle strength loss. The purpose of this study was to examine the association of serum UA concentration with grip strength and leg extension power in adult men. Methods. This study is a cross-sectional survey in which 630 Japanese male employees aged 30 years and older participated. Five hundred and eighty-six subjects participated in the measurement of grip strength, and 355 subjects participated in the measurement of leg extension power. Blood samples were obtained for serum UA analysis. Results: After adjustment for potential confounders, grip strength differed significantly between participants with and those without hyperuricemia (geometric mean and 95% confidence interval [CI]: 40.3 [39.2-41.3] kg vs. 41.9 [41.3-42.5] kg; P = 0.01). In addition, serum UA levels (quartiles) showed an inverted J-shaped curve with grip strength (mean and 95% CI: Q1, 41.6 [40.6-42.6] kg; Q2, 42.2 [41.2-43.2] kg; Q3, 41.8 [40.8-42.8] kg; Q4, 40.4 [39.3-41.4] kg; P for quadratic trend = 0.05). The results in the leg extension power group were similar to those observed in the grip strength group. Conclusion: This population-based cross-sectional study shows for the first time that hyperuricemia is associated with poor muscle strength. Moreover, the results indicate an inverted J-shaped association between serum UA quartiles and muscle strength.

Original languageEnglish
Article number258
JournalBMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
Publication statusPublished - 2013


  • Antioxidant
  • Grip strength
  • Inflammation
  • Leg extension power
  • Reactive oxygen species


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