A series of experimental data was obtained systematically for a spin-valve-type tunnel junction of (formula presented) (3 nm)/Cu (formula presented) (formula presented) (4 nm)/Al (formula presented) (formula presented) (20 nm)/Ta (5 nm). Analyses of (i) temperature dependence of tunnel magnetoresistance (TMR) ratio and resistance from 4.2 K to room temperature, (ii) applied dc bias-voltage dependence of TMR ratio and resistance at 6.0 K and room temperature, and (iii) tunnel current I and dynamic conductance (formula presented) as functions of dc bias voltage at 6.0 K were carried out. High-TMR ratio of 64.7% at 4.2 K and 44.2% at room temperature were observed for this junction after annealing at 300 °C for an hour. An anisotropic wavelength cutoff energy of spin-wave spectrum in magnetic tunnel junctions, which is essential for self-consistent calculations, was suggested based on a series of inelastic electron tunnel spectra obtained. The main intrinsic magnetoelectric properties in such spin-valve-type tunnel junction with high magnetoresistance and low resistance can be evaluated based on the magnon-assisted inelastic excitation model and theory.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2001|