Analysis of glucose tolerance in twin gestations using an oral glucose load

M. Ihara, M. Mitao, H. Yamasaki, T. Kodama, T. Murakami, G. Hirai, T. Sugiyama, N. Toyoda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of twin gestation on carbohydrate metabolism was evaluated using a 75 g oral glucose tolerance test (75 g OGTT). A 75 g OGTT was performed in 63 twin gestations and 3 791 single-ton gestations during the third trimester. Plasma glucose concentrations were measured in the pregnant women under fasting conditions as well as 30 min, 1 h, and 2 h after ingestion of glucose (75 g oral load), and serum insulin concentrations were measured in fasting and 30 min post-ingestion samples. Women with twin gestations showed significantly lower plasma glucose concentrations during fasting and 30 min after the glucose load in the samples taken than those with singleton gestations. No significant difference in serum glucose concentrations was found in the other specimens. There were no cases of gestational diabetes mellitus in our study. Although women with twin gestations demonstrated lower plasma glucose concentrations than women with singleton gestations, the difference observed was subtle. We could not find any significant differences in these plasma glucose values as used to define a pathologic OGTT between twin and singleton pregnancies, with the exception of the fasting value.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-340
Number of pages3
JournalHormone and Metabolic Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • 75 g Oral Glucose Tolerance Test
  • Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
  • Singleton Gestation
  • Twin Gestation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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