Analysis of Muscle Activity in the Sit-to-Stand Motion When Knee Movability is Disturbed

Kazunori Yoshida, Qi An, Hiroyuki Hamada, Hiroshi Yamakawa, Yusuke Tamura, Atsushi Yamashita, Hajime Asama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Sit-to-stand motion is an important daily activity, and disability of motion can significantly reduce quality of life. Therefore, it is important to understand the mechanism of sit-to-stand motion in order to prevent such scenarios. The sit-to-stand motion was found to be generated by four muscle groups, through muscle synergy. However, it is unclear how muscle synergy can be controlled. Human sit-to-stand motion may be planned based on body condition before motion. In this study, we aimed to clarify the relationship between body condition and muscle activity during the sit-to-stand motion. Accordingly, we measured the muscle activity when knee movability was disturbed as a condition of body change. We also measured the muscle activity during normal sit-to-stand motion and sit-to-stand motion with disturbed knee movability using surface electromyography. Subsequently, we ex-tracted the muscle synergy from the measured muscle activity and compared the activity levels of muscle synergy. The results revealed that muscle activity con-tributing to forward bending increased and that con-tributing to the rise of the hip and stabilization de-creased when knee movability was disturbed. These results suggest that humans compensate for disturbed knee movability with forward momentum and bending motion. Moreover, this implies that humans adjust their motion to various environments or body condi-tions by adjusting the level of forward bending activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)767-776
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Robotics and Mechatronics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Aug


  • knee movability
  • momentum
  • sit-to-stand


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