Angular dependence of the upper critical field in layered superconductors

N. Takezawa, Tomio Koyama, M. Tachiki

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11 Citations (Scopus)


The upper critical field, Hc2(θ), in layered superconductors is investigated in an arbitrary direction θ, using a Ginzburg-Landau model proposed in a previous paper. Here, θ is the angle measured from the direction perpendicular to the layers. The angular dependence of Hc2(θ) in the region near θ=90° is correlated with the dimensionality in the temperature dependence of Hc2 (90°). We have a bell-shaped curve in the 3D regime and a curve with a cusp at θ=90° in the 2D regime in the Hc2 versus θ curve. The global angular dependence of Hc2(θ) in layered superconductors shows a clear difference from that in a 2D thin film and also from that in the anisotropic effective mass model. The behavior of Hc2(θ) in the small θ region is well understood on the basis of the proximity effect in layered superconductors. Qualitatively, the calculated result for Hc2(θ) reproduces well the angular dependence observed in Nb/Cu multilayers with various layer thicknesses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)231-238
Number of pages8
JournalPhysica C: Superconductivity and its applications
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 1993 Mar 15

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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