Animal ethics and welfare education in wet-lab training can foster residents’ ethical values toward life

Yuko Iki, Takuya Ito, Katsuyoshi Kudo, Masafumi Noda, Masahiko Kanehira, Teruko Sueta, Ichiro Miyoshi, Yutaka Kagaya, Yoshinori Okada, Michiaki Unno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Live animals are used in surgical skills training in wet lab, which has undeniable effectiveness for the development of future surgeons. However, where such training is provided, animal welfare is a major consideration. Increasingly, institutions that offer wet-lab training are incorporating animal ethics and welfare-related content into their training courses, but the effectiveness of such animal ethics education has yet to be evaluated quantitatively. We investigated whether the animal ethics content of a training course affected trainees by measuring increase in ethical awareness using visual analog scale questionnaires before and after training. Our results demonstrated a significant and positive increase in awareness of animal ethics (significance le vel of 5%; 0.0380≤P≤0.0016).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-320
Number of pages8
JournalExperimental Animals
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Animal ethics
  • Resident
  • Self-efficacy
  • Visual analog scale
  • Wet-lab training

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