Anomaly-free flavor models for Nambu-Goldstone bosons and the 3.5 keV X-ray line signal

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39 Citations (Scopus)


We pursue a possibility that a pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson is lurking around or below the intermediate scale. To this end we consider an anomaly-free global flavor symmetry, and construct models where the pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson is coupled preferentially to leptons. The experimental and astrophysical bounds derived from couplings to photons and nucleons are significantly relaxed. If sufficiently light, the pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson contributes to dark matter, and interestingly, it generally decays into photons through couplings arising from threshold corrections. We show that the recent hint for the X-ray line at about 3.5 keV can be explained by the decay of such pseudo-Nambu-Goldstone boson of mass about 7 keV with the decay constant of order 1010 GeV, if the electron is charged under the flavor symmetry.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)178-182
Number of pages5
JournalPhysics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jun 27


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