This paper provides a novel practical method for analyzing an anti-seismic reinforcement (ASR) problem involving hundreds of transportation facilities on an urban road network subject to multiple earthquake risks. The relevant properties of the present method are: (i) it evaluates the performance of an ASR strategy, taking into account traffic congestion and travelers' trip-making or route-choice behavior; (ii) it estimates the realistic damage patterns on the road network and their occurrence probabilities on the basis of recent advances in structural and earthquake engineering; (iii) it has clear, sensible logic and includes neither a black-box nor a " lottery" in the necessary procedures. We examine the computational efficiency and whether the present method is reasonable by applying it to a test scenario of the Kobe urban and suburban area. copy; 2012 Elsevier Ltd.
|Number of pages
|Transportation Research, Part A: Policy and Practice
|Published - 2012 Jun
- 0-1 Integer programming with equilibrium constraints
- Anti-seismic reinforcement
- The user equilibrium traffic assignment with elastic demand
- Transport network reliability