Application of neural network based regression model to gas concentration analysis of TiO2 nanotube-type gas sensors

Kazuki Iwata, Hiroyuki Abe, Teng Ma, Daisuke Tadaki, Ayumi Hirano-Iwata, Yasuo Kimura, Shigeaki Suda, Michio Niwano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


We performed a gas analysis of TiO2 nanotube (NT)-type integrated gas sensors using a machine learning (ML) algorithm and neural network-based regression. We fabricated a TiO2-NT integrated gas sensor with multiple sensing elements with different response characteristics, and we measured the output signals of each sensing element exposed to a gas mixture, where the main components were nitrogen and oxygen gas with a small amount of carbon monoxide. We analyzed the output signals of the sensor elements using the ML technique to predict the concentrations of CO and O2, to which the TiO2-NT gas sensors were sensitive. Sensor output data were collected for seven sets of mixed gas concentrations with different concentrations of each component gas. Four or five of the seven datasets were used as ML training data for the neural network method, and the concentrations of CO and O2 in the remaining three or two datasets were predicted. Consequently, we confirmed that increasing the number of sensor elements significantly improved the prediction accuracy of the gas concentration. When the output signals from 10 sensor elements were used, the gas concentration could be predicted with an accuracy of less than 0.001% for a carbon monoxide concentration of 0.02%. This accuracy was sufficient for practical application.

Original languageEnglish
Article number131732
JournalSensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jun 15


  • Concentration analysis
  • Gas sensor
  • Machine learning
  • Neural networks
  • Titanium oxide nanotube


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