Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1/redox factor-1 (Ape1/Ref-1) modulates antigen presenting cell-mediated T helper cell type 1 responses

Nasrin Akhter, Yuji Takeda, Hidetoshi Nara, Akemi Araki, Naoto Ishii, Naoki Asao, Hironobu Asao

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8 Citations (Scopus)


Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1/redoxfactor-1 (Ape1/Ref-1) is a multifunctional protein possessing DNA repair, redox control, and transcriptional regulatory activities. Although Ape1/Ref-1 plays multiple roles in the immune system, its functions in helper T (Th) cell activation and differentiation are largely unknown. In this study, the function of Ape1/Ref-1 in Th cell activation was analyzed using an Ape1/Ref-1 redox-specific inhibitor, E3330. When splenocytes from OT-II mice, which are ovalbumin (OVA)-specific T-cell receptor transgenic mice, were activated with OVA in the presence of E3330, the induction of IFN-γ-producing OT-II T cells was significantly increased. In contrast, E3330 did not enhance IFN-γ production from plate-bound anti-CD3 antibody-stimulated CD4+ T cells in the absence of antigen presenting cells (APCs). Furthermore, E3330-pretreated and OVA-pulsed APCs also enhanced the IFN-γ production from OT-II T cells. These results suggested that E3330 enhances Th1 responses by modifying APC function. E3330 did not alter the surface expression of MHC-II or the co-stimulatory molecules CD80 and CD86 on APCs. On the other hand, E3330 up-regulated the IL-12 p35 and p40 gene expression, and IL-12 surface retention, but decreased the IL-12 secretion from Toll-like receptor (TLR) ligand-stimulated APCs. These results were confirmed with Ape1/Ref-1 knockdown experiments. Taken together, our findings indicated that the suppression of Ape1/Ref-1 redox function leads to an increased cell surface retention of IL-12 and enhances Th1 responses. This is the first study to demonstrate that Ape1/Ref-1 modulates the IL-12 production and secretion from APCs and controls Th1 immune responses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23672-23680
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number45
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 4


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