Architectural design and cryogenic synthesis of Si3N4@(TiN–Si3N4) for high conductivity

Mei Yang, Mingli Lv, Qi Wang, Hongmin Zhu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Si3N4@(TiN–Si3N4) composites with heteroshelled structure were designed for enhanced conductivity and successfully synthesized through the simultaneous reduction and in-situ cocoating process in liquid ammonia at around −40°C. The heteroshells were composed of nanosized TiN and Si3N4 particles, which were amorphous with the size ranging from 10 to 40 nm. Using spark plasma sintering, dense bulk composite with >98.1% relative density of theoretical value were obtained and their electrical conductivity were increased to an adequate value (6.62 × 102 S·cm−1) for electrical discharge machining by compositing 15 vol% TiN to Si3N4, which is superior to the previous reports. The excellent electric performance could be attributed to the heteroshelled structure which guarantees the conductive network can be formed and kept with minimal TiN content. The nanosized Si3N4 powders in the shells reduce the content of conductive powders and limit the growth of TiN particles.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-139
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan 1


  • coatings
  • composites
  • nanocomposites
  • silicon nitride
  • titanium nitride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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