Asphericity in supernova explosions from late-time spectroscopy

Keiichi Maeda, Koji Kawabata, Paolo A. Mazzali, Masaomi Tanaka, Stefano Valenti, Ken'ichi Nomoto, Takashi Hattori, Jinsong Deng, Elena Pian, Stefan Taubenberger, Masanori Iye, Thomas Matheson, Alexei V. Filippenko, Kentaro Aoki, George Kosugi, Youichi Ohyama, Toshiyuki Sasaki, Tadafumi Takata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

190 Citations (Scopus)


Core-collapse supernovae (CC-SNe) are the explosions that announce the death of massive stars. Some CC-SNe are linked to long-duration gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and are highly aspherical. One important question is to what extent asphericity is common to all CC-SNe. Here we present late-time spectra for a number of CC-SNe from stripped-envelope stars and use them to explore any asphericity generated in the inner part of the exploding star, near the site of collapse. A range of oxygen emission-line profiles is observed, including a high incidence of double-peaked profiles, a distinct signature of an aspherical explosion. Our results suggest that all CC-SNe from stripped-envelope stars are aspherical explosions and that SNe accompanied by GRBs exhibit the highest degree of asphericity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1220-1223
Number of pages4
Issue number5867
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Feb 29


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