Gene targeting approaches have suggested that the angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) is involved in blood pressure (BP) regulation and modulation of the effect of angiotensin II. The A1166C polymorphism of the AT1 receptor gene (AT1R/A1166C) is associated with hypertension in Caucasians, but not in Japanese. The goal of this study, the Ohasama Study, was to examine the association between AT1R/A1166C and hypertension, especially home BP, in the Japanese general population. The Ohasama Study was a cohort study based on Japanese rural residents of Ohasama Town in the northern part of Japan. Subjects who gave informed consent to the study protocol and genetic analysis were recruited. Home BP was measured twice in the morning within 1 h of waking up and in the evening just before going to bed. The TaqMan polimerase chain reaction (PCR) method clearly determined AT1R/A1166C genotypes (n=1,207). The genotype distribution of AT1R/A1166C was as follows: AA 84%; AC 15%; CC 1%. There was almost no difference in baseline characteristics among the AT1R genotypes (AA, AC, CC). In the subjects not receiving antihypertensive medication (n=817), both casual BP and home BP were not different among the AT1R genotypes after adjusting for confounding factors (age, sex, body mass index, current smoking habit and current alcohol consumption). The frequency of hypertension showed no difference among AT1R genotypes after adjusting for confounding factors, though the AC and CC genotypes were more frequent in hypertensives than in normotensives. Our data suggested that the AT1R/A1166C polymorphism is not a major genetic predisposing factor for hypertension in Japanese.
- Angiotensin II type 1 recepter gene
- Single nucleotide polymorphism
- TaqMan polimerase chain reaction