ATM modulates the loading of recombination proteins onto a chromosomal translocation breakpoint hotspot

Jiying Sun, Yukako Oma, Masahiko Harata, Kazuteru Kono, Hiroki Shima, Aiko Kinomura, Tsuyoshi Ikura, Hidekazu Suzuki, Shuki Mizutani, Roland Kanaar, Satoshi Tashiro

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Chromosome translocations induced by DNA damaging agents, such as ionizing radiation and certain chemotherapies, alter genetic information resulting in malignant transformation. Abrogation or loss of the ataxia-telangiectasia mutated (ATM) protein, a DNA damage signaling regulator, increases the incidence of chromosome translocations. However, how ATM protects cells from chromosome translocations is still unclear. Chromosome translocations involving the MLL gene on 11q23 are the most frequent chromosome abnormalities in secondary leukemias associated with chemotherapy employing etoposide, a topoisomerase II poison. Here we show that ATM deficiency results in the excessive binding of the DNA recombination protein RAD51 at the translocation breakpoint hotspot of 11q23 chromosome translocation after etoposide exposure. Binding of Replication protein A (RPA) and the chromatin remodeler INO80, which facilitate RAD51 loading on damaged DNA, to the hotspot were also increased by ATM deficiency. Thus, in addition to activating DNA damage signaling, ATM may avert chromosome translocations by preventing excessive loading of recombinational repair proteins onto translocation breakpoint hotspots.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13554
JournalPLoS ONE
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2010


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