The α, β, and γ phases of the GaAs(001)-(2 × 4) surface have been studied using rocking-curve analysis of reflection high-energy electron diffraction (RHEED) and reflectance difference spectroscopy (RDS). We have measured RHEED rocking curves and RD spectra from GaAs(001) under an As flux of 2.5 × 10-7 Torr, and have identified the temperature ranges where each of the α, β, and γ phases is stable. The 2 × 4 reconstruction was observed in the range of 480-600°C. The β phase, which is stable in the range of 510-550°C, has a β 2(2 × 4) structure, in good agreement with previous experimental and theoretical results. The γ and α phases are stable below 510°C and above 550°C, respectively. While the data from the γ phase are well explained by a mixture of β 2(2 × 4) and c(4 × 4) phases, we propose that the α phase has a β 2(2 × 4) structure, the atomic coordinates of which are slightly different from those of the β phase.
|Number of pages||14878360|
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2002 Apr 15|