Auditory startle reflex inhibited by preceding self-action

Yousuke Kawachi, Yoshihiko Matsue, Michiaki Shibata, Osamu Imaizumi, Jiro Gyoba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


A startle reflex to a startle pulse is inhibited when preceded by a prestimulus. We introduced a key-press action (self-action) or an 85dB noise burst as a prestimulus, followed by a 115dB noise burst as a startle pulse. We manipulated temporal offsets between the prestimulus and the startle pulse from 30-1,500ms to examine whether self-action modulates the startle reflex and the temporal properties of the modulatory effect. We assessed eyeblink reflexes by electromyography. Both prestimuli decreased reflexes compared to pulse-alone trials. Moreover, the temporal windows of inhibition were different between the types of prestimuli. A faster maximal inhibition and narrower temporal window in self-action trials suggest that preceding self-action inhibits the startle reflex and allows prediction of the coming pulse in different ways from auditory prestimuli.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-102
Number of pages6
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jan


  • Prepulse inhibition
  • Self-action
  • Temporal window


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