Autoimmune neutropenia (AIN) can occur during pregnancy. However, neonatal neutropenia occurring in an infant born to a mother with AIN has only rarely been documented. Recently, we have experienced two cases of AIN during pregnancy, both of which caused severe yet transient neonatal neutropenia (< 0.3 × 109/l), probably as a result of transplacental maternal anti-neutrophil autoantibodies. The anti-neutrophil antibodies seemed to be against antigens other than NA1/NA2 because the autoantibodies did not bind to neutrophils of specific NA types selectively in the granulocyte indirect immunofluorescence test. Although AIN is a relatively uncommon disease, neonatal neutropenia caused by maternal AIN may not be quite as rare.
- Autoimmune neutropenia
- Granulocyte indirect immunofluorescence test
- NA antigens
- Neonatal neutropenia