Avian antisera to various gangliosides: Detection by enzyme immunoassay

Ichiro Miyoshi, Yoichi Fujii, Masaharu Naiki

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17 Citations (Scopus)


We attempted to produce specific antibodies to various gangliosides by immunizing chickens. Antibody activity was determined by enzyme immunoassay (EIA). The optimal conditions for EIA were examined by using chicken anti-GM1 ganglioside (GM1) serum and the final procedure was as follows. Fifty μ1 of ethanol solution containing 2.5 μg of the glycolipid antigen and 50 μg of taurodeoxycholate were added to each well of an EIA microtitration plate and dried at 37°C for 2 h. Nonspecific sites were blocked by incubation with 1% gelatin-containing buffer, then titration of the chicken antisera was carried out in the antigen-coated plate by incubation at 4°C for 12 h. Next, alkaline phosphatase-labeled anti-chicken IgG (specific antibody, 15 ng; enzyme, 0.054 units) was allowed to react at 37°C for 2 h. The enzyme activity which was bound to the plate was assayed with p-nitrophenol phosphate as substrate.Under the above conditions, anti-GM1 serum reacted strongly with GM1 and asialo GM1 and anti-GM2, serum indicated a considerable specificity for GM2. However, we failed to elicit any antibody to GD1a, GD1b, and GT1b. Anti-NeuAc-sialosylparagloboside and anti-NeuGc-sialosylparagloboside sera showed a high specificity for the homologous ganglioside. However, anti-NeuGc-hematoside serum reacted equally with both the homologous antigen and NeuGc-sialosylparagloboside, and anti-NeuAc-hematoside (GM2) serum cross-reacted with both N-acetyl and N-glycolyl types of hematoside and sialosylparagloboside.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-94
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Biochemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1982


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