AXEL is a high-pressure xenon gas time projection chamber for neutrinoless double-beta decay (0ν2β) search. The AXEL has a unique readout system called ELCC which has a cellular structure and photosensors to detect electroluminescence light produced by ionization electrons. We demonstrated the performance of the ELCC with a small prototype detector (AXEL-HP10L). The obtained energy resolution corresponds to 0.82−1.74% (FWHM) at the 0ν2β Q-value. We are constructing a new prototype (AXEL-HP180L) in order to study the energy resolution at the Q-value of 0ν2β with a new design of ELCC with unit structure, newly developed electronics board, field-shaping electrodes, and Cockcroft–Walton-type high voltage power supply. For a future 1-ton scale large AXEL detector, we are developing new background-reduction techniques; topology identification with machine learning, positive-ion detection, and active-shield options.
|Journal||Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Apr 1|
- Double beta decay
- Gas detector
- Majorana neutrino