Behavioral studies on rats with transient cerebral ischemia induced by occlusion of the middle cerebral artery

Naruhiko Sakai, Kazuhiko Yanai, Jong Hoon Ryu, Haruo Nagasawa, Takafumi Hasegawa, Tsutomu Sasaki, Kyuya Kogure, Takehiko Watanabe

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41 Citations (Scopus)


The behavioral effects of transient cerebral ischemia in adult Wistar rats were studied. In Experiment 1, rats were subjected to 90-min occlusion of the unilateral, left or right, middle cerebral artery (MCA) followed by recirculation. The locomotor activity had not changed 3 and 30 days after the occlusion, except that the number of rearing was significantly decreased by left MCA occlusion. Rats were examined in a radial maze system for learning and memory ability during 4 weeks from the 3rd day after ischemia (the 3rd day was counted as day 1 of the experiment). Maze performance was slightly disturbed due to focal brain damage by MCA occlusion, but the disturbance was statistically significant only on days 6, 11, and 15 in the right occlusion. In Experiment 2, rats were trained to master a radial maze task completely for 4 weeks, and then subjected to transient unilateral (right) ischemia as described above. These rats showed an increase in incorrect entry in the radial maze task from day 4 to day 14. However, on day 21, the number of incorrect entry decreased to the control level of the sham-operated group. The numbers of correct choice were inversely related with those of incorrect entry, though slightly blunted. Coincidentally, the time required to solve the maze task was also prolonged from day 4 to day 14, but returned to the control time on day 21. These results suggest that unilateral ischemia transiently suppresses both acquiring radial maze performance and maintenance of learned performance and that it is a good model for studying human focal cerebral ischemia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)181-188
Number of pages8
JournalBehavioural Brain Research
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 1996 May


  • Autoradiography
  • Cerebral ischemia
  • Locomotor activity
  • Middle cerebral artery occlusion
  • Radial maze

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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