One of the many control mechanisms of serine proteinases is their specific inhibition by protein proteinase inhibitors. An extract of Acacia schweinfurthii was screened for potential serine proteinase inhibition. It was successfully purified to homogeneity by precipitating with 80% (v/v) acetone and sequential chromatographic steps, including ion-exchange, affinity purification and reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography. Reducing sodium dodecyl sulphate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis conditions revealed an inhibitor (ASTI) consisting of two polypeptide chains A and B of approximate molecular weights of 16 and 10kDa, respectively, and under non-reducing conditions, 26kDa was observed. The inhibitor was shown to inhibit bovine trypsin (Ki of 3.45nM) at an approximate molar ratio of inhibitor:trypsin (1:1). The A- and B-chains revealed complete sequences of 140 and 40 amino acid residues, respectively. Sequence similarity (70%) was reported between ASTI A-chain and ACTI A-chain (Acacia confusa) using ClustalW. The B-chain produced a 76% sequence similarity between ASTI and Leucaena leucocephala trypsin inhibitor.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 2014 Oct 1|
- Acacia schweinfurthii
- Amino acid sequence
- Proteinase inhibitors
- Trypsin inhibitor