Biogas laminar burning velocity and flammability characteristics in spark ignited premix combustion

Willyanto Anggono, I. N.G. Wardana, M. Lawes, K. J. Hughes, Slamet Wahyudi, Nurkholis Hamidi, Akihiro Hayakawa

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Spherically expanding flames propagating at constant pressure were employed to determine the laminar burning velocity and flammability characteristics of biogas-air mixtures in premixed combustion to uncover the fundamental flame propagation characteristics of a new alternative and renewable fuel. The results are compared with those from a methane-air flame. Biogas is a sustainable and renewable fuel that is produced in digestion facilities. The composition of biogas discussed in this paper consists of 66.4% methane, 30.6% carbon dioxide and 3% nitrogen. Burning velocity was measured at various equivalence ratios (φ) using a photographic technique in a high pressure fan-stirred bomb, the initial condition being at room temperature and atmospheric pressure. The flame for methane-air mixtures propagates from φ=0.6 till φ=1.3. The flame at φ ≥ 1.4 does not propagate because the combustion reaction is quenched by the larger mass of fuel. At φ≤0.5, it does not propagate as well since the heat of reaction is insufficient to burn the mixtures. The flame for biogas-air mixtures propagates in a narrower range, that is from φ=0.6 to φ=1.2. Different from the methane flame, the biogas flame does not propagate at φ≥1.3 because the heat absorbed by inhibitors strengthens the quenching effect by the larger mass of fuel. As in the methane flame, the biogas flame at φ≤0.5 does not propagate. This shows that the effect of inhibitors in extremely lean mixtures is small. Compared to a methane-air mixture, the flammability characteristic (flammable region) of biogas becomes narrower in the presence of inhibitors (carbon dioxide and nitrogen) and the presence of inhibitors causes a reduction in the laminar burning velocity. The inhibitor gases work more effectively at rich mixtures because the rich biogas-air mixtures have a higher fraction of carbon dioxide and nitrogen components compared to the lean biogas-air mixtures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012015
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event2013 International Conference on Science and Engineering in Mathematics, Chemistry and Physics, ScieTech 2013 - Jakarta, Indonesia
Duration: 2013 Jan 242013 Jan 25


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