Bipolar Electrode-based Electrochromic Devices for Analytical Applications – A Review

Siti Masturah binti Fakhruddin, Kosuke Ino, Kumi Y. Inoue, Yuji Nashimoto, Hitoshi Shiku

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


Bipolar electrode-based (BPE-based) electrochromic devices have garnered increasing attention in the past decade. These BPE-based electrochromic devices have been used for analytical health monitoring, point-of-care (POC) diagnostics, and chemical sensing. In this review, we highlight recent progress made regarding BPE-based electrochromic devices constructed for these analytical applications. Various, available electrochromic materials are summarized in the first section, after which the different device types (e. g., paper-based and self-powered) are discussed. Biological- and chemical-based analytical demonstrations of these devices are then reviewed. Finally, we conclude this review with a perspective on the future developments of BPE-based electrochromic devices in analytical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)212-226
Number of pages15
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Feb


  • biosensors
  • bipolar electrochemistry
  • colorimetric/visual detection
  • electrochromic materials
  • point-of-care testing


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