Biquadratic exchange coupling in epitaxial Co2MnSi/Cr/Fe trilayers

Subrojati Bosu, Yuya Sakuraba, Kesami Saito, Hai Wang, Seiji Mitani, Koki Takanashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Interlayer exchange coupling (IEC) behavior in epitaxial Co2MnSi (20 nm)/Cr/Fe (7 nm) trilayers has been investigated against Cr spacer thickness (tCr = 0.3-6.3 nm). High-quality trilayer samples have grown on a Cr (5 nm)/Au (30 nm)/Cr (15 nm) buffer layer on a MgO substrate by ultrahigh vacuum (UHV) compatible dc sputtering method. A simple numerical simulation model has been used to explain magnetization process, which shows good agreement with the experimental M - H curves. The values of bilinear and biquadratic coupling energy (J1 and J2) and the cubic anisotropy energy of Co2MnSi and Fe (KCMS and K Fe) have been determined uniquely from the simulations. As a result, we have found a dominating contribution of biquadratic (90°) coupling and absence of bilinear (180°) coupling in all the samples with nonferromagnetic coupling. It has also been found that, the energetical competition between 90° coupling energy and anisotropy energy largely affects the magnetization process due to different easy directions of bottom Co2MnSi <110> and Fe <100>.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2620-2623
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Transactions on Magnetics
Issue number11 PART 1
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Nov


  • Biquadratic coupling
  • Half-metals
  • Heusler alloys
  • Interlayer exchange coupling
  • Spin polarization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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