Blockchain-Based Key Management for Heterogeneous Flying Ad Hoc Network

Yawen Tan, Jiajia Liu, Nei Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) is recognized as one of the best sensing tools for gathering data in the industrial Internet of things sector. Besides, the flying ad hoc network (FANET) with multiple drones shows significant advantages in complicated task performing of large area. However, as an important part of communication security, key management for FANET currently depends heavily on the base station or infrastructures, which may easily become the attack target or increase the communication overheads of drones. Therefore, we propose a blockchain-based distributed key management scheme for heterogeneous FANET in this article, based on which drones can autonomously distribute cluster keys, update their public/private key pairs, migrate between clusters, and revoke malicious UAVs in a secure way. Security analysis and performance evaluation prove that our scheme can resist against a variety of external and internal attacks, and guarantee lightweight energy consumption for ordinary drones in the network.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9311800
Pages (from-to)7629-7638
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Nov


  • Blockchain
  • Flying ad hoc network (FANET)
  • Key management
  • Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs)


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