Bradykinin generation triggered by Pseudomonas proteases facilitates invasion of the systemic circulation by Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Yoshifumi Sakata, Takaaki Akaike, Moritaka Suga, Sumiko Ijiri, Masayuki Ando, Hiroshi Maeda

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To elucidate the mechanism of bacterial exoprotease in promotion of the intravascular dissemination of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, we examined the possible involvement of bradykinin (whose generation is induced by pseudomonal proteases in septic foci) in the invasion by bacteria, and in access of bacterial toxins to systemic blood circulation. P. aeruginosa 621 (PA 621), which produces very little protease, was injected intraperitoneally into mice together with pseudomonal exoproteases (elastase/alkaline protease). Dissemination of bacteria from the peritoneal septic loci to the blood was assessed by counting viable bacteria in the blood and spleen by use of the colony-forming assay. The results showed that pseudomonal proteases markedly enhanced (10- to 100-fold) intravascular dissemination of bacteria in mice. This enhancement was induced not only by pseudomonal proteases but also by bradykinin. More importantly, the increased spread of PA 621 induced by pseudomonal protease and bradykinin was significantly augmented by the addition of kininase inhibitors, indicating the direct involvement of bradykinin in bacterial dissemination. Similarly, bradykinin caused effective dissemination of pseudomonal toxins such as endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide) and exotoxin A when the toxins were injected into the peritoneal cavity with bradykinin. Furthermore, the lethality of the infection with PA 621 was strongly enhanced by pseudomonal proteases given i.p. simultaneously with PA 621. On the basis of these results, it is strongly suggested that pseudomonal proteases as well as bradykinin generated in infectious foci are involved in facilitation of bacterial dissemination in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-423
Number of pages9
JournalMicrobiology and Immunology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1996


  • Bradykinin
  • Pseudomonas protease
  • Septicemia


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