We fabricated a two-dimensional subwavelength grating (SWG) on a polymethyl methacrylate (PMMA) film using a molding technique. A method of fabricating SWGs with high accuracy using a replica technique in an atmospheric environment was proposed. The SWG consisted of tapered gratings with a 200 nm period and a 200 nm deep groove. The reflectivity at wavelengths from 400 nm to 800 nm was measured and compared with the results calculated on the basis of rigorous coupled-wave analysis. At these wavelengths, the reflectivity decreased to approximately half that of the PMMA film.
- Polymethyl methacrylate
- Rigorous coupled-wave analysis
- Subwavelength grating