Calcium phosphate formation on titanium by low-voltage electrolytic treatments

Y. Tanaka, E. Kobayashi, S. Hiromoto, K. Asami, H. Imai, T. Hanawa

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44 Citations (Scopus)


Electrochemical treatments are expected to be effective for the coating of calcium phosphate ceramics to a titanium substrate. In the present study, two types of chronoamperometry with a step potential and a cyclic wave potential at low voltage (up to 2.0 V) and low current density were performed in Hanks' solution to modify the surface characteristics of titanium. Titanium oxide film formed by self-passivation, that formed as reconstructed film during electrochemical treatments, and a calcium phosphate layer precipitated through treatments were characterised by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. The thickness and compositions of the surface films and layers were quantified from the XPS results. Calcium phosphate formation during immersion in Hanks' solution for 1.0 Ms was evaluated by scanning electron microscopy with energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry. The results confirmed that the electrolytic treatments in this study were effective to accelerate calcium phosphate formation on titanium in Hanks' solution in spite of their lower voltage than conventional methods. The results also suggested that the hydroxyl group in the surface oxide film might contribute to the formation of calcium phosphate. This technique is a promising process for the treatment of thin titanium materials.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)797-806
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Medicine
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2007 May


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